By combining all of these elements, Diaz creates a work of speculative fiction that holds various social critiques. Yunior describes Oscar’s childhood as a Dominican American boy in Paterson, New Jersey, and the struggles that Oscar faces as he fails to fit in with the Latino community or get a girlfriend. After high school, Oscar attends Rutgers University. As for Yunior, Oscar models an alternative form of masculinity and ultimately pushes him to reexamine his ideas about manhood.  Furthermore, Yunior recounts the stories and history of a family that is not his own. Chapter Summary for Junot Díaz's The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao, part 2 preface summary. ..." The presence of Yunior's footnotes, therefore, remind the reader that there is always more to one's story. His actions eventually resulted in Trujillo arranging for his arrest and eighteen-year sentence, where he was brutally beaten and treated to an endless series of electric shock treatments (237). The beginning of chapter two also features the use of second person narration, rarely used in literature. His speech often exemplifies code switching, switching rapidly from a lively, Caribbean-inflected vernacular, replete with frequent usage of profanity to wordy, eloquent, and academic prose. Most of the story is told by an apparently omniscient narrator who is eventually revealed to be Yunior de Las Casas, a college roommate of Oscar's who dated Lola.  Overall, making Trujillo the minor character allows Trujillo to be seen as more of a joke than a strong leader while also enforcing the seriousness and long-lasting effects of his power. The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao by Junot Diaz A family curse, a tropical island, a love-stricken underdog, a kind and beautiful woman with a torrid past: it sounds like the setup for a … The fantastical elements of the novel take place in both New Jersey and in the Dominican Republican, this establishes a real world setting for these events which blends the natural with the supernatural, another attribute of Magical Realism. Chapter One (paperback pages 11 - 50) for "The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao" If you can help improve this in any way, please drop me an email (in English) and I'd be happy to change it - this is just what I was able to cobble together. A doctor and a scholar, and heir to one of the more well-off Dominican families, Abelard wants nothing to do with Trujillo. While Oscar studies creative writing at Rutgers University, Yunior becomes his roommate in order to get closer to Lola, with whom he is infatuated. Her father was imprisoned after failing to bring his wife and daughter to meet some government officials, as he fears they will be taken by them. When he examines his own body in the mirror he feels "straight out of a Daniel Clowes book. Canefields are where enslaved Africans were forced into labor and dehumanization. Here, the canefields are surrounded by the context of the Trujillato. Maritza’s beauty and popularity in the face of Olga’s ugliness and isolation also introduces the theme of racism in the book. Throughout the novel, violence is transmitted from the system of colonialism and dictators to the domestic sphere and perpetuated through the generations. She eventually was tossed around the extended family and eventually "sold", yes "That's right-she was sold" (253). The Quick Marvelous Life of Oscar Wao.  Furthermore, in a footnote, the mongoose is described as "an enemy of kingly charriots, chains, and hierarchies... an ally of Man", suggesting the mongoose's importance in helping the de Leon family not just for their misfortune but also as a means of undermining Trujillo's oppression. After (unknowingly) becoming involved with Trujillo's sister's husband, The Gangster's men assault Beli there. Beli understood how advantageous appearance is in the social situations of the Dominican Republic, but not until she had undergone major physical and psychological changes. Yunior also has hope that Isis, Lola's daughter, will one day come to him asking for stories about her family history, and "if she's smart and as brave as I'm expecting she'll be, she'll take all we've done and all we've learned and add her own insights and she'll put an end to it [the fukú]" (331). Both political critique and metafiction are typical features of Magical Realism.. As Trujillo never attempts to sleep with Jackie, the narrator and reader are left to wonder if at some level the motivation for this family ruin has to do with silencing a powerful voice. Each time the mysterious animal appears in a time of dire need, the narrator includes a disclaimer on the accuracy in the visions of the creature. In 1955, La Inca finds her and gives her a new life in Baní. Instead of Díaz directly telling the story to the reader, he creates an aesthetic distance by speaking through the novel's narrator Yunior. The middle sections of the novel center on the lives of Oscar's runaway sister, Lola; his mother, Hypatia Belicia Cabral; and his grandfather, Abelard. This runs in parallel to several central themes of the novel regarding identity, as Yunior's code switching alludes to a struggle between his Dominican identity and his identity as a writer.  While referencing historical figures, Yunior frequently includes the novel's fictional characters in the historical events. The Brief and Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao contains several of the hallmarks of Latin American Magical Realism. The connection between a superstition and a magical character is more easily followed than one with an ordinary animal, highlighting the mongoose being a zafa against the de Leon's fukú. The three Cabral girls are split up and the older two die tragically young. New York magazine named it the Best Novel of the Year and Time magazine's Lev Grossman named it the best work of fiction published in 2007, praising it as "a massive, heaving, sparking tragicomedy". The situation worsens when her mother is diagnosed with breast cancer and Lola decides to run away with her latest boyfriend. Than return to teaching high school and dreams about writing an epic work of speculative fiction that deals with that... 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